This mother is very happy with the cow which has been contributed by a donator from Netherland

Geef een
KOE cadeau

en help een gezin met een
gehandicapt kindje
in Kyrgyzstan.

General Information

  • Area: 198, 500 sq. miles ( six times bigger than The Netherlands)
  • Capital: Bishkek
  • Population: 5.146.281 (2005)
  • Population density: 25 people per a square mile
  • Religion: muslim (75%), Russian orthodox (20 %), other (5%)
  • Languages: Kyrgyz, Russian
  • Climate: Continental

    The official name of the country is: the Kyrgyz Republic.
    The country borders with Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, China and Tajikistan in Central Asia. The half of the country lies above 3000 meters above the sea in the mountainous range of Tian- Shan.

    The total territory of it is 198, 500 square meters that is six times larger than the territory of The Netherlands , and seven times larger than the Belgian territory. Mountains compose 90 % of the territory. Almost half of the territory is on the altitude of 3000 meters above the sea, and ¾ of this land are covered with snow and ice. Many mountains lakes are located in the country.

    In Kyrgyzstan the population is more than 5 million people; its livestock, where sheep is dominant, is 3 times larger than the total number of people. 2/3 of the population live in the rural area. The economy of the country is mainly based on agriculture and livestock. If you happened to be in Kyrgyzstan, you would have a feeling that you never visited a country with so many sheep, cows and horses.

    The country has had experience of building hydro electric stations. It has a number of mineral resources: mercury, plumbum, copper and a small amount of gold – that has been recently explored. In the year of its independence Kyrgyzstan experienced a dramatic decrease of living standards. About 40 % of the population lives below the poverty line; it has a high level of unemployment– but unofficially declared.

    The Kyrgyz people originate from the Turk nomad tribes that left Siberia in the X century and settled down in Tian- Shan. The Kyrgyz language belongs to the group of Turk languages and has a Cyrillic alphabet; yet it has been attempted to introduce a Latin alphabet, as it was done in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The country has two official languages: Kyrgyz and Russian. Almost 75 % of the population are the Muslims; however, the majority does not practice their faith. About 20 % of the population are the Christian orthodox.

    Until 1917 nomads had been visiting the country. In 1936 Kyrgyzstan was proclaimed to be a Soviet Socialist Republic. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the country became independent; in 1993 the constitution was established and it grants the head of state tremendous power.

    The country is divided into seven administratively territorial parts:
  • Batkenskaya
  • Chuiskaya
  • Jalal- Abadskaya
  • Narynskaia
  • Oshskaia
  • Talaskaya
  • Issyk- Kulskaya

The capital is Bishkek.
The biggest lake of Kyrgyzstan is the Issyk- Kule lake whose length is 182 km, and its width is 60 km. Tourism is developed in the northern part of the lake.

Yet overall tourism is in a developing stage. A network of local hosts have offered accommodation. The owners of the houses directly receive the revenues. Such a type of activity developed on the resources of local communities is considered to be tourism.

After the independence declaration the state launched a number of economic reforms mainly oriented towards privatization. Although they were successful, the country was in crisis. Separation from the Soviet Union was accompanied with the loss of state subsidies and high prices for gas and oil; the country that does not have sufficient mineral resources had a few means of development. Yet now, in Kyrgyzstan it is practically possible to buy anything but only a minority of people can afford.

The Kyrgyz people have been known for their hospitability. As the tourism is only developing, the local population has been interested in it. There is a high possibility that you will be invited to have a cup of kumiz (fermented cow milk) in their yurt house.

Food for Thought

“Joy is not in things; it is in us

Richard Wagner